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Between the 3rd and 6th centuries AD the traditional Roman legions faded away to be replaced by frontier forces (Limitanei) and new regional field armies (Comitatenses). This reorganisation was forged by the first of a number of soldier emperors from the Balkans, starting with Diocletian (284-305). Cavalry increasing came to dominate the army although infantry still remained important in the earlier period. The Balkans were important recruiting areas as well as Anatolia although many troops were also recruited from outside the Empire, particularly Germany.

The figures below are 28mm from a variety of ranges.

Further reading

MacDowall, Simon        

 Late Roman Cavalryman 236-565AD          

 Osprey 1995

MacDowall, Simon        

 Late Roman Infantryman 236-565AD             

 Osprey 1997

Nicolle, David              

 Romano-Byzantine Armies 4th-9th C                            

 Osprey 1994

Boss, Roy          

 Justinian's Wars                                              

Montvert 1993

Browning, R.                 

 Byzantium and Bulgaria                                  

 London 1975.

Fine, John                      

 Early Medieval Balkans                                   

 Michigan 1991




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Copyright 2005 Balkan Military History
Last modified: 01/23/12