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In this section we review new books, articles, wargame figures and anything else related to Balkan Military History. Previous reviews are archived:

Current Reviews

The Armored Forces of the Bulgarian Army 1936-45

Kaloyan Matev                    Helion Books

A detailed history of motor vehicles and armoured fighting vehicles in the Bulgarian Army from 1936, during the last years of peace, until the end of the Second World War in 1945. This book is a result of the author's years of study in the Bulgarian Central Military Archive. Such a detailed study on this topic has not appeared before, and the author's work is unlikely to be superseded.

The Long Turkish War

New Osprey style book on the Long Turkish War 1593 to 1606.

28mm Greek War of Independence

Some very nice 28mm Greek War of Independence figures in 28mm from Steve Barber models.

Life and Death in the Balkans

Bato Tomasevic                        Columbia University Press

This is the story of a Montenegrin family from the end of the nineteenth century to the fall of Milosevic. Told by the author, it is an amazing family saga that takes the reader from a small village in the mountains of Montenegro and the battles with the Ottoman Empire, the Austrian occupation in WW1,  through the turbulent inter war years and the partisan warfare of WW2. The family moves to Kosovo and then back to Cetinje as WW2 erupts. It tells the story of a fairly ordinary family and how the dramatic events of the last century impacted on them. Strongly recommended.

 

The Wildest Province - SOE in the Land of the Eagle. By Roderick Bailey

Guest review by Captain Edval Zoto

Kosova Liberation Army

James Pettifer

This is a very detailed account of the KLA from its post war origins fighting against Tito, to the recent conflict and the achievement of a separate state, well sort of. The KLA was never the best equipped guerrilla force and struggled for most of its existence against the well equipped Yugoslav and then Serbian army and police units. The 'revolution' in Albania gave them access to assault rifles in large numbers, but not the high explosive they needed to interdict the main road routes used by their opponents. The NATO intervention gave them an air force, but I hadn't appreciated how ineffective this was in Kosova. It was the attack on Serbian targets that forced an end to the conflict and rectified the Serbian ethnic cleansing. This is not a book for the general reader, but the book for anyone interested in this conflict.

Hitler's Jihadis

Jonathan Trigg

The author gives the background to the recruitment of Muslims into the Waffen SS. It may seem a strange mix given that racism underpinned Nazi ideology, but their racial theorists managed to justify it - just. In reality, as the war progressed it was more a case of needs must. For the Muslim volunteers it was also largely a question of 'my enemies enemy'. Trigg takes the reader through the history of a wide range of units. Some small and short lived, but others substantial with credible fighting records. Probably the best known is the Bosnian 13th SS Mountain Division 'Handschar'. Most of their recruits joined up simply as a means of defending their villages from the Ustase on one side and the Chetniks on the other. There is a more detailed history of this division written and lavishly illustrated by George Lepre. Few of these volunteers survived the war. Those who did, ended up being executed or sent to Stalin's gulags. This is not an edifying tale or one with a happy ending. However, its a valuable piece of research well told.


Terror in the Balkans

Ben Shepherd                Harvard

This is a history of German (or more often Austrian) counter insurgency operations in Yugoslavia during World War Two. It draws upon lower level officers experiences and makes a link between these officers and their Austro-Hungarian army experience during the First World War. It is often forgotten that these operations were on a massive scale involving several divisions of troops as Tito's partisans gradually built up support and military strength, despite the inter ethnic conflict. The author gives us an historical overview before looking at the main divisions that fought in Yugoslavia and how they tackled the insurgency in their slightly different ways.

Knights Move

David Greentree        Osprey Raid

The Knight's Move (Operation Rösselsprung) was a combined airborne and ground assault by the Germans on Tito’s headquarters at the Bosnian town of Drvar in May 1944. Operation Rösselsprung involved the 500th SS Parachute Battalion (Captain Rybka) making an air drop on the town while several ground force columns (XV Mountain Corps) converged on Drvar, supported by the Luftwaffe. Faulty intelligence meant the paras attacked the town rather than the nearby cave that housed Tito's HQ. By the time they realised the error, partisan units arrived to make the attack a costly failure. Tito escaped before the ground troops could close the trap. David Greentree has written a very good history of the operation for Osprey in its Raid series. As you would expect from Osprey, it includes many photies and several excellent colour maps.

War in the East

Quintin Barry                Helion

This is a military history of the Russo-Turkish War 1877-78, one of the most interesting Balkan conflicts of the 19th Century. An added pleasure is that it includes several photos of mine, taken at the battlefields today. There is only one word to describe this book, magisterial. This is the first military history of the conflict in English for over a century and it has everything you would expect. A detailed text covering the war on land and sea, coverage of the major and minor battles, together with all the context you need. Plus, something modern historians sometimes miss, lots of orbats. It also has lots of period illustrations (nearly 300) and maps.

Byzantine Imperial Guardsman 925-1025.

Raffaele D'Amato            Osprey Elite (No.187)

It covers the units of the Taghmata and Imperial Guard of the period. Most people think of the gradual decline of the Empire, but in fact this period was one of considerable success. It overcame Bulgarian and Rus invasions through the Balkans and Islamic enemies from the East. By Basil II's death in 1025, what we call the Byzantine Empire, ruled from the Danube to the Euphrates. They would have called themselves Romans or Rhomaioi.

The regiments of the Taghmata were an important part of that success. Raffaele D'Amato takes us through the organisation of each unit and how they were commanded. This is followed by a chapter on weapons and equipment. As you would expect there are excellent colour plates and the book includes many photos.
 

Road to Manzikert - Byzantine and Islamic Warfare 527 - 1071'

Brian Todd Carey and others            Pen & Sword                    ISBN 184884215 5

Manzikert is of course one of the decisive battles in medieval history. The defeat of the Byzantine Empire, including the capture of the Emperor, by the Seljuk Turks resulted in the loss of Anatolia to the Empire. While there was something of a recovery, the Byzantine Empire lost key revenue, manpower and horse breeding areas to the Turks.

This book is about much more than the battle. The authors take us through 500 years of conflict from Justinian through the rise of Islam to the coming of the Turks. Usefully, not just a focus on the Byzantine Empire but good chapters on Islamic warfare as well.

The narrative is well written, but the strength of the book is in the maps and diagrams of the key battles. This really brings the text alive

Blood in the Snow

Graydon Tunstall.                        University of Kansas Press                ISBN978 0 7006 1720 3

I thought I knew a bit about most WW1 campaigns in SE Europe, but I was not aware of this one. It was fought mostly between Austro-Hungarian and Russian troops in the Carpathian Mountains during winter. I have walked part of these mountains in the summer, the idea of fighting through them in winter is just mind boggling.

But that is exactly what two, million man armies did during the winter of 1915. The campaign was predicated on the need to relieve the Austro-Hungarian garrison of Przemysl consisting of some 135,000 men. The A-H CinC, Conrad, inexplicably decided to launch three offensives through the mountains with troops that were not equipped or trained to fight in such terrain. Supplies of everything were totally inadequate. The Russian's, commanded by Ivanov, were only slightly better prepared. The casualties far exceeded the size of garrison they were attempting to relieve and the A-H army was fatally weakened for the rest of the war.

Words just do not do justice to the horrors of this campaign. Troops lasted on average 5-6 weeks before being killed, wounded, captured or committing suicide. Battles in snow two metres high along the Carpathian ridges and into the valleys.

The author has extensively researched the campaign, mostly from the A-H perspective. Eye witness accounts add much to the archive material. This is probably not a book for the general reader. The author assumes a degree of knowledge of the area and each offensive is dealt with in great detail. The maps could also have been better. One for the specialist, but a campaign that fully deserves to be told.
 

Balkan Breakthrough - Dobro Pole 1918

Richard Hall                                   Indiana University Press            ISBN 978 0 253 35452 5

Dobro Pole is not likely to be on many WW1 battle lists. However, it should be as it was arguably one of the most decisive Entente victories of the war.

Dobro Pole was a key Bulgarian defensive position in Macedonia. By September 1918 the Macedonian front was largely held by Bulgarian forces following the withdrawal of German units to the Western Front. The Bulgarian army was poorly supplied and morale was low. The Entente forces saw an opportunity to achieve a breakthrough and launched an attack with Mainly French and Serbian troops. The attack was successful and the Bulgarian retreat turned into a rout with large numbers of troops heading for home. There were insufficient competent troops to mount a counter attack and reinforcing Austrian and German troops arrived too late. The defeat quickly led to the collapse of the entire front and Bulgaria's withdrawal from the war.

This book covers the background to the war in the Balkans and the campaign in the run up to the battle. The actual battle is covered in just a couple of chapters. The real value of this study is that it views the conflict from a Bulgarian perspective. This is a well written study of the battle that that led to the collapse of the Central Powers in the Balkans and hastened the end of the war.   

Pyrrhus of Epiros

Jeff Champion                        Pen and Sword                     ISBN 978 1 844159 390

His claim to fame is that he defeated the Romans in two major battles and was rated by Hannibal as the second greatest general after Alexander. His name lives on with the phrase 'Pyrrhic victory'.

The author starts with an overview of the Eastern Mediterranean in the 3rd Century BC and of Epirus itself. At this time the state was a loose combination of tribes with the King's role primarily that of war leader. Epirus covered large parts of modern North Western Greece and Southern Albania. Pyrrhus spent much of his youth in exile. This was the period of the Successors and war between them was the norm, dragging in other states. He developed into an brave and capable commander before returning to Epirus as King. He probably inherited a modern Macedonian style of army based on the pike armed phalanx supported by cavalry and elephants.

The rest of the book takes us through his main campaigns. Firstly his conflicts with neighbouring Macedonia and then, at the invitation of the Southern Italian states, with Rome. His famous 'Pyrrhic victories' at Heraclea and Asculum are covered in detail. He then campaigned in Sicily against Carthage before returning to Italy, this time to lose against the Romans at Beneventum. His final campaigns were in Greece, culminating in his death in battle against Argos and the Spartans. A fitting end for a King who was almost continually at war. Whilst he was undoubtedly a great battlefield commander his strategic outcomes were poor. Too many campaigns were not seen through to the end and his diplomatic skills in maintaining allies were weak, even allowing for the shifting alliances of the period.

This is a book I would highly recommend. The author has a good writing style and effectively deals with the limited sources in way that retains readability for the general reader. I have spent some time in the Epirus region and it is well worth a visit with plenty of sites of interest for the historian.

Cross and Crescent in the Balkans.
 

David Nicolle                        Pen and Sword                        ISBN 18441 5954-X


This is the story of the Ottoman conquest of the Balkans. He covers the early history of the Ottomans and the chaotic world at the time. The decline of Byzantium, divided Islam and distracted European states all contributed to the extraordinary rise of this dynasty from a small tribe to superpower status. This is not a simple narrative military history. The author gives a fair amount of social history that puts the Ottomans in context and explains their resilience. Not least the loyalty of Christian vassals in the Balkans. He also gives some detail of the Ottoman military and administrative system as well as their remarkable comeback after the defeat by Timur at Ankara in 1402.

The military history is outlined and expanded with a somewhat selective treatment of the major campaigns. The Crusade of Nikopol and the Siege of Constantinople get several chapters each. However, the battle of Maritsa plus the first and second battles of Kossova are virtually ignored. This is a bit disappointing as this prolific author has written detailed accounts of Nikopolis and Constantinople in the Osprey campaign series. With that exception this is still a good overview of the period, written in the David Nicolle's very readable style.

Russia's Balkan Entanglements 1806-1914.

Barbara Jelavich        Cambridge Press                ISBN 0-521-52250-1

This is a primarily a diplomatic history of Russia's 19th Century engagements in the Balkans. Starting with the Napoleonic wars and ending with WW1 and the subsequent collapse of both the Austro-Hungarian and Russian Imperial Empires. The period included no less than five wars with the Ottoman Empire from which Russia gained minimal territorial advantage at considerable expense. The author concludes that emotional commitments played a significant part in driving Russian policy. The irony is that an autocratic regime supported, what we would today call liberation struggles, at an economic cost that contributed to its own downfall.

I was about to say that the military operations are given cursory attention. However, that would be overstating the case. They are barely mentioned. Whilst this is not a military history, a reader not familiar with these conflicts would struggle to follow events. This is not an easy read, not least because the author quotes primary documents at length. It does give a detailed understanding of both the internal Russian considerations and the diplomatic exchanges between the Great Powers. The author also threads the theme of the motives for Russian engagement throughout the book. The analysis is excellent, if the presentation is a little turgid. One for the real Balkan enthusiast now it is available at a reasonable price in paperback. Not for the general reader.

Kosovo 1448

Wargames Illustrated 279  January 2011

There is an excellent article in this month's Wargames Illustrated by John Bianchi on the second, and less well known, Battle of Kossovo in 1448.  John is the primary author of the WAB supplement Vlad the Impaler that I, and fellow WAB players at GDWS, gave some modest assistance with.  

Unlike in the first battle of 1389, the Serbian leadership remained loyal to the Ottomans and it was left to the Hungarian's led by Janos Hunyadi, with Wallachian support, to do battle on the Field of Blackbirds. The plan was to join up with the Albanian leader Scanderbeg, but the Ottomans moved quickly to bring the Hungarians to battle before the Albanians arrived. They were only a day's march away.  Despite being outnumbered Hunyadi nearly pulled off a famous victory. However, it was Sultan Murad who triumphed and the Christian cause in the Balkans was on the defensive for the next 250 years. 

The battlefield today, not surprisingly as the monuments were built by Serbia, focus on the earlier battle. But you can still get a good view of where the action took place as can be seen from the pictures on Balkan Military History.

John's article is well illustrated with 28mm figures from a number of ranges including the fine Kingmaker war wagons that represent the wagonburg in the Hungarian centre. He also presents a scenario for WAB.

Experiences of a Military Attache in the Balkans

Colonel Napier        Naval & Military Press   

A detailed study of the diplomatic efforts to bring Bulgaria into the war on the side of the Entente. He travelled extensively across the Balkans during this period so you get a good understanding of the position in all the Balkan states. He describes in some detail his meetings with politicians and military leaders in these countries and the reader gets a good understanding of the factors that resulted in the decisions each country took. He is fairly critical of British foreign policy towards Bulgaria and clearly believed that a firmer line could have brought them into the allied camp. In the end he was captured by a German submarine when leaving Greece on a passenger boat and spent the rest of the war in a prison camp before being exchanged. He then returned as the military attache to Sophia. Not a light read this but well worth the effort for anyone interested in the Balkans during WW1.
 

Diary of a Russian Artilleryman in the Shipka Pass 1877

The Foreign Correspondent            July 2010

This is a translated extract from the diary of a Russian artilleryman first published in the Royal Artillery Institution in 1881. It paints a detailed picture of how artillery was used in the Shipka Pass actions.

Eclipse of the Crescent Moon

Geza Gardonyi

This is the story of the siege of Eger, Hungary, in 1552. A small garrison successfully resisted a huge Ottoman army for nearly six weeks, forcing it to withdraw. The novel concentrates on the life of one of the Captains in the siege, Gergely Bournemissza. He takes us through his early life and the events of the period he was engaged with. This all culminates in the epic siege that is told in some detail.
Excellent novel, well written and highly recommended.
 

Ottoman Infantryman 1914-18

David Nicolle            Osprey

Latest title in the Warrior series covers the Ottoman infantryman of WW1. In the usual format it covers the recruitment, training and weaponry used by these troops as well as some idea of life on campaign. Well illustrated as always.

Vlad - The Real Dracula

C.C.Humpreys

A well researched history that keeps as close to what we know about the real historical figure, yet written with a great fast paced dialogue. The real Dracula was of course Vlad Tepes known as The Impaler after his favourite form of execution. Dracula is a play on Dracul, or Dragon the knighly order he belonged to. It was of course Bram Stoker who created the vampire version, although in fact he did very little research on the original. The novel takes us through Vlad's early years as a hostage in the Ottoman court, through several periods as Prince of Wallachia until his final defeat by the Ottomans. To this day Vlad is a national hero in Romania and many would welcome his success in stamping out crime - even if his methods were a bit robust by modern day standards!
 

Battle of Pydna

Slingshot 267            Richard Taylor

Detailed article on the Battle of Pydna, fought between the Romans and Macedon in 168BC. The article takes the reader carefully through the sources on each aspect of the battle and follows that with the author's interpretation. Plus a helpful section on wargaming the battle.

Irregular Miniatures 15mm Balkan Wars

Very useful new range from Irregular Miniatures covering the main combatants of the Balkan Wars 1912. Helpful review by Ogrefencer at his blog.

Dawn of the Tsarist Empire

Nicholas Dorrell        Partisan Press 2009        ISBN 978 1 85818 594 1

A narrative history of the Poltava campaign 1708-09 with a detailed description of the Russian army. Useful book somewhat damaged by the absence of proof reading.

Aspirations of Bulgaria

Stojan Protic            BiblioBazaar                ISBN 978-0559283390

This book covers Bulgarian military and political actions during the early 20th century. The book claims to expose Bulgarian bad behavior surrounding the Balkan Wars and refuting attendant Bulgarian claims to the territory of Macedonia. It also seeks to explain the background to Bulgaria’s attitude towards the Great War (WWI). Written by a Serbian national it should be read with some caution, none the less it offers an interesting view based on sourced materials.

Austrian Mountain Artillery in Bosnia 1878

Foreign Correspondent                 October 2009

A reprint of an article first published in the Royal Artillery Institution journal in 1881. A detailed look at the organisation, equipment and deployment of mountain artillery in the 1878 Bosnian campaign.

Empires of the Sea

Roger Crowley            Faber                        ISBN 978 0 571 23231 4

History of warfare in the Med (1521 - 1580) from the siege of Rhodes through to Malta and the Battle of Lepanto. Excellent narrative history covering the age of the great galley fleets and the lesser raiding and minor conflicts dominated by the Spanish and Ottoman empires.

Balkans in World History

Andrew Wachtel            Oxford                        ISBN 9780195338010

This history of the Balkan's seeks to take a more positive view of the region in world history. It looks at the interaction of great civilizations with local cultures. Good overview.

Battle of Sarantaporo

Peter Holland                Wargames Illustrated            256 Feb 09

Early battle of the Balkan Wars between the Greek Army of Thessaly and an Ottoman force defending fortifications by the Sarantaporo Straights. This article gives a short description of the battle and uniform details for the combat troops. Well illustrated.

Theoderic

Ross Laidlaw                Polygon                ISBN 9781846970825

Historical fiction but closely based on historical sources of the life of the Ostrogothic King of Italy in the 5th and 6th century.

Skanderbeg & Medieval Albania

Dave Watson                    Hobilar              Dec 2008

Illustrated article on the editor's tour of Albania with particular reference to Skanderbeg.

Capture of Tirnovo 1877

William McElwee                Foreign Correspondent     Issue 80 Oct 2008

Short narrative of the capture of the Bulgarian town of Tirnovo by the Russian advanced guard in the Russo-Turkish War of 1877.

Lion of the Balkans

Vladimir Chernozemsky                Triumvirate        ISBN 1 932656 01 4

A novel based on Bulgaria during the First and Second Balkan wars. The main focus is on a number of families in the Rhodope Mountains on the present day southern border between Bulgaria and Greece. It graphically describes the impact the war had on this border region with conflicting loyalties both national and religious. A good read.

The Enemy at the Gate

Andrew Wheatcroft                    Bodley Head        ISBN 978 0 224 07364 6

This is the story of the Habsburgs, Ottomans and the battle for Europe. The author briefly covers the advance of the Ottomans into Europe up to the first siege of Vienna in 1529. But the focus is on the second siege in 1683 and the subsequent re-conquest of Hungary and much of present day Croatia. A period the Austrians call 'The Age of Heroes'. This is a well balanced book that doesn't fall into the common trap of portraying the Ottomans as simple aggressors. Written in a lively style it is not only good history but a great read.

Battle of Lule Brugas

Bob Black                    Wargames Illustrated            252 Oct. 2008

Detailed and well illustrated article of the key southern battle in Thrace of the Balkan wars between the Bulgarian and Turkish armies.

Russo-Ottoman wars 1710-13

Andrew Coleby & Nick Dorrell        Arquebusier        Vol 31/2

An excellent overview of the conflict that followed on from the defeat of the Swedish King Charles XII at Poltava. The authors set out the background to the conflict and the Russian plans for a main assualt through Moldavia with secondary fronts in the Crimea. The main battle on the Pruth was a rare defeat for Peter the Great but it could have been a disaster on the scale of Poltava. The article gives a good description of the troops engaged and the gaming possibilities.

Red Storm over the Balkans

David Glantz               University of Kansas      ISBN 978 070061465 3

Usually overshadowed by the northern Soviet offensives in the Spring of 1944 this study traces the failed invasion of Romania by two Soviet army fronts in April and May 1944. Heavily outnumbered Romanian and German troops fought a skillful series of largely defensive actions that halted Stalin's Balkan strategy. The campaign resulted in 200,000 casualties and David Glantz traces in considerable detail the actions using the latest archive materials.

The Balkan Wars of Independence 1821 - 1922

Achilles Kallos                 Athena Press              ISBN 1 84401 065 1

The main sections of this book give a concise military history of all the conflicts within the period of the book. The text is clear and the maps are very good. There are also some drawings of typical troop types but no photographs. The author is of Greek descent and this sometimes shows in his description of events but that should not detract from a useful overview of a series of conflicts, most of which have received limited coverage in English.

The Serbo-Bulgarian war of 1885 - Combat at Slivnitsa

Colonel Regenspursky        Nafziger Collection        ISBN 1 58545 177 0

George Nafziger has translated from the French this work first published in 1887 by a Colonel of the Austro-Hungarian Army. This is a valuable text as so little has been written in English on this conflict and the decisive battle at Slivnitsa. Unlike so many 19th century texts this was not written by a military observer attached to one side and therefore producing an unbalanced report. Regenspursky has produced a balanced work written close enough to the conflict to benefit from a number of different reports. The maps could be better but modern maps of the area are helpful as the area has not changed that much as shown in the editor's visit to the battlefield.

Ottoman Wars 1700-1870

Virginia Aksan            Longman                ISBN 978 0 582 30807 7

This book covers what might be described as the slow decline of the Ottoman military system following the defeat at Vienna in 1683 until the 1870's. It describes the transition from a largely feudal force to a conscript army on the Prussian model. This is by no means a narrative history and many of the key campaigns are not always covered in detail. However, it does explain very well the organisational, cultural and political context to the various changes and in particular the attemts to introduce reform. This is an important contribution to Ottoman military history and is highly recommended.

Battle of Lugos 1695

Brian Burke                Arquebusier                Vol. 31/1

Well illustrated article on a lesser known battle in the Banat between the Ottomans led by Sultan Mustapha II and the Imperial army commanded by Vetertani. The Imperial army was the the Transylvanian corps left isolated by the main Austrian force to the west and was heavily outnumbered. Surrounded on all sides the Transylvanians were pushed back on their Tabor baggage that enabled the cavalry to escape.

Captain Conan

Roger Vercel                South Carolina Press        ISBN 978 1 57003 713 9

A translation of the 1934 novel about a French unit serving in the Balkans in WW1. The focus of the book is in the immediate post-war period when French troops were stationed in Bulgaria and Romania. It seeks to show the impact war had on these young men. The peacetime chapters that form the majority of the book are frankly slow reading. Cornwall this isn't!

Vienna 1683

Simon Millar                    Osprey                        ISBN 978 1 84603 231 8

Latest in the Osprey campaign series covers the siege of Vienna in 1683 the high water point of the Ottoman advance into Europe. Usual campaign format with a general introduction, a description of the opposing forces and a narrative of the siege. Well illustrated including the usual colour plates and excellent maps.

Serbia's Great War 1914-18

Andrej Mitrovic                Hurst                                ISBN 978185065883 2

At first glance this appears to fill a big gap in the English language study of WW1. The battles against the Austro-Hungarian offensives followed by the retreat across the Albanian mountains should make an epic read. Regrettably this is not that book. This is primarily a political history, valuable as context, but the military history is relegated to a few paragraphs.

In the Camp of the Ban

Conrad Cairns                    Foreign Correspondent        January 2008

Notes on the 1848 Croatian army led by Jelacic that invaded Hungary in support of the Hapsburgs. The focus is on uniforms and is illustrated with black and white prints of the period.

Out of the Italian Night

Maurice Lihou                    Airlife                            ISBN 1 84037 405 5

This is the story of Wellington bomber operations out of Italy in 1944-45. Very much one man's experiences but the raids covered large parts of the Balkans. The author flew the 'Wimpey' as part of 205 Group RAF mostly from a base at Foggia . Raids included Sofia, Bucharest, Belgrade and Budapest as well as mine laying in the Danube.

Realm of the Black Mountain

Elizabeth Roberts        Hurst                                    ISBN 978 185065 868 9

This is a narrative history of Montenegro from early times to the recent declaration of independence. Unlike many Balkan histories it gives due weight to the medieval period when Montenegro first became a recognisable entity and the Ottoman period. Well written this is a great read.

Handcuffed to a Corpse

Michael Kihntopf        White Maine Books                ISBN 1 57249 242 2

A narrative of German involvement on the Balkan and Galician fronts during WW1. The book gives a fairly basic description of the campaigns with a focus on the role of German troops. The author's treatise is that German troops bailed out the Central Powers at times of stress on these fronts. A few B&W photos and poor maps.

The Guns of Constantinople

Roger Crowley                Military History                    September 2007

Story of the guns cast for Mehmed II by the renegade Hungarian, Orban for the siege of Constantinople in 1453.

Battle of Targul Frumos May 1944

Dave Brown                    Wargames illustrated             July 2007

Germany's Army Group South had been driven out of Russia and the Soviet 2nd Tank and 27th armies were pressing past Jassy to Targul Frumos inside Romania. The defenders included Panzer Grenadier Division Grossdeutschland supported by 24th Panzer and 46th Infantry Divisions, all relatively well equipped by German eastern front standards. This scenario written for the Battlegroup Panzergrenadier rules includes a description of the battle and orbats as well as a description of the refight.

 

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