Home ] Up ] Contents ]


The first medieval Serbian state was created by Stephan Nemanja who broke away from Byzantium and joined the Zupans of Zeta and Raska in a unified state in 1172. From the late 13th Century increasing wealth from mining allowed the Serbian state to import western arms and equipment whilst retaining traditional light infantry and cavalry.

The defeat of Bulgaria by Stephan Uros III at Kyustendil in 1330 made Serbia a dominant power in the Balkans. His son Stephan Dusan expanded to the south and created the Serbian Empire at its largest extent. However, the empire unravelled at Dusan's death and the fragments were defeated by the Ottomans in 1371 and finally at Kossovo in 1389.

For further details of the Serbian armies and campaigns see Warfare in the Balkans.

Most of the wargame figures below come from the Essex 15mm range.

The main strength of the Serbian army was the armoured knight feared for their ferocious charge.

Supported by Gusar light cavalry.

and the foot mostly archers with some armoured infantry.

Further reading

Emmert, T                     

 Serbian Golgotha: Kosovo 1389                                 

 Columbia 1990

Fine, John                      

 Late Medieval Balkans                                                

 Michigan 1994

Heath, Ian                    

 Armies of the Middle Ages-2                                         

 WRG 1984

Heath, Ian                    

 Armies-Feudal Europe                                                  

 WRG 1978

Nicolle, David               

 Hungary and the Fall of Eastern Europe       

 Osprey 1993

Soulis, G.C.  Serbs and Byzantium During the Reign of Stephan Dusan    Washington 1984
Vucinich, W                   Kosovo: Legacy of a Medieval Battlefield                         Minnesota 1991


Home ] Up ]

Send mail to balkandave@googlemail.com with questions or comments about this web site.
Copyright 2005 Balkan Military History
Last modified: 01/23/12